Uncomplicated abortions usually pose no threat to a woman’s fertility. Those complicated by infection or hemorrhage may cause scar tissue to form in the uterus and this could impede your ability to establish pregnancy. If you have been unsuccessfully trying to conceive, your doctor will order a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) as part of your evaluation. This is an “ X-ray” test of the uterus and fallopian tubes, and will check for things like tubal blockage and uterine scarring. S/he may also order a sonohysterogram which is a directed ultrasound of the uterus. In most cases, this scar tissue can be removed by a simple outpatient procedure known as hysteroscopy. It is always best to speak to your doctor if you have any concerns.