Your Age-by-Age Guide to Baby Naps

Believe it or not, how baby sleeps during the day can enhance his sleep at night. Here's the scoop on when <em>your</em> baby should nap, how often and for how long.
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ByAshlee Neuman
Deputy Editor
Dec 2017
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Photo: BPosh Photography

New parents anxiously await the day baby starts sleeping through the night. But daytime sleep can be just as important to making sure your little one is well-rested and developing healthy sleep habits. Read on to learn why naps are non-negotiable, and how much naptime babies should be getting during the first year of life.

Why Do Babies Need Naps?

Whenever we manage to sneak in a catnap, it seems like a luxury, but naps are essential for babies. “Particularly for children under 3 years of age, naps are the glue that holds young ones together throughout the day,” says Kira Ryan, cofounder of Dream Team Baby, a New York City–based infant and toddler sleep consultancy. “Children who nap well tend to be better eaters, more engaged in their environment, less likely to catch that virus floating around the playground and be better nighttime sleepers.”

Setting—and sticking to—a consistent baby nap schedule, with naps spaced at regular intervals throughout the day, is crucial to making sure your little one is getting enough sleep. Many parents assume that if baby skips a nap during the day, she’ll be extra-tired and sleep better at night. But in reality, the opposite is true, says Kim West, LCSW-C, a baby sleep coach known as The Sleep Lady and author of the book The Sleep Lady’s Good Night Sleep Tight: Gentle Proven Solutions to Help Your Child Sleep Well and Wake Up Happy. Our natural circadian rhythms tell our bodies when to be asleep and when to be awake, she explains. When baby doesn’t get any cues to go to sleep, his body produces a stress hormone that gives him a second wind, making it harder to go and stay asleep when the time comes. “Baby will then start his day tired, leading to a difficult night’s sleep the next night,” West says. “Sleep begets sleep.”

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Where Should Baby Nap?

Ideally, naps should be taken in the same place every day—consistency will make it easier for your little one fall and stay asleep. Usually that place is where baby sleeps at night, either in a crib or bassinet, which are generally the safest, most comfortable places for children to sleep.

Of course, it’s not always possible to have baby nap in her usual spot. If your child goes to daycare, consider packing baby’s favorite lovey for her to take along to add a familiar element to her napping routine, Ryan suggests. And if you need to have baby nap on the go, it’s okay for baby to occasionally sleep in a stroller or car seat, but it shouldn’t be the norm. “A baby napping in a dark bedroom with space to get comfortable will have much more predictable and nourishing sleep than a baby being pushed in a stroller who’s at risk for being awoken by a passing ambulance,” she explains.

Age-by-Age Baby Nap Schedule

So how many naps should baby take? The guidelines below give you a general idea of the overall amount of sleep most babies should be getting at each age in the first year of life. But of course, every child is different and has varying sleep needs. Some babies are snack-size nappers who take short catnaps throughout the day, while others take longer but fewer naps.

At the end of the day, it’s less important how many naps baby takes than how much sleep baby gets in total. “I like to tell parents that these are just averages. Is your baby’s total range within an hour of the average, give or take?” West says. “If your child gets a little less or more than the average and is growing and thriving and not having meltdowns more than the average toddler, then you’re okay.”

0 to 4 months

Daytime/nighttime sleep: Because newborns can’t tell the difference between day and night, they can’t stick to a daytime napping schedule. Rather, sleep is an around-the-clock affair.
Total: 12 to 18 hours
Things to keep in mind: During this early period, babies are still working out any kinks, so don’t stress too much about a nap schedule. “There’s a huge range in how and when babies nap between 0 to 4 months based on feeding, neurological development, GI issues, physical development, etc.,” Ryan says. Instead, focus on helping baby sort out day/night confusion: When it’s time for a nap or nighttime sleep, put your child down in a quiet environment with dim lighting, West suggests, and expose baby to plenty of light and activity during the day.

4 to 6 months

Daytime sleep: 3 to 4 hours (two to three naps)
Nighttime sleep: 11 to 12 hours
Total: 14 to 16 hours
Things to keep in mind: Around 4 months, many babies experience what’s known as “sleep regression,” when they start to resist naps. At this age, baby will begin to cycle through different stages of sleep (deep sleep and active sleep), much like an adult, West says. During active sleep, baby has a startle reflex that can wake her up easily and often, and putting herself back to sleep is still a challenge. The 4-month sleep regression usually lasts for only two to three weeks. In the meantime, West suggests trying different tricks to get baby to nap, such as rocking or feeding baby or letting her nap in the swing, stroller or car for now. Once the regression passes, it may be time to start gentle sleep training.

6 to 9 months

Daytime sleep: 2 to 3.5 hours (two to three naps)
Nighttime sleep: 11 to 12 hours
Total: 13 to 15.5 hours
Things to keep in mind: Each age group comes with its own baby milestones that can disrupt sleep, West says—and the 6 to 9 month period is chock-full of important developments. This is when baby may start creeping (pushing himself around on his tummy), crawling and standing up while holding onto something (like the crib bars). With so much going on, baby may be too distracted or wired to easily settle down come naptime.

9 to 12 months

Daytime sleep: 2 to 3.5 hours (two naps)
Nighttime sleep: 11 to 12 hours
Total: 13 to 15.5 hours
Things to keep in mind: “Sometime between 9 and 12 months, babies will take a huge morning nap and then not want to take an afternoon nap,” West warns. “If that’s the case, make the morning nap only an hour and a half or 45 minutes long. Afternoon naps are super-important to help babies make it to bedtime and not be overtired, which will, in turn, help them sleep better overnight.” Many parents are tempted to cut baby’s nap schedule down to just one at this point, but West says children really aren’t ready for just a single nap until they’re 15 to 18 months old.

Updated December 2017

Plus, more from The Bump:

When Do Babies Transition to One Nap?

Anna Davies
Contributing Writer

Should Baby Have a Nap Schedule?

Conner Herman and Kira Ryan
Dream Team Baby Sleep Consultants

Your Age-by-Age Guide to Baby Naps

Ashlee Neuman
Deputy Editor

Is My Child Ready to Give Up Naps?

Diane Bloomfield, MD, attending pediatrician at The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore in Bronx, New York

How Napping Boosts Baby’s Brain

Anisa Arsenault
Associate Editor