Preschoolers Spend More Time Online Than Parents Think, Study Says
It’s no secret that screen time has been on the rise for kids, as tired parents struggle to manage work, household chores and childcare (an impossible task). However, a recent study indicates that preschoolers are spending more time with screens than parents realize.
The study, which was published in the journal Pediatrics, looked at data from 346 parents of kids aged 3 to 5 years old, as well as data from programs that objectively track how much a device is being used. The study found that approximately 35 percent of the preschoolers had their own device and used it for an average of almost two hours each day. Among the kids in this group, 40.5 percent of kids used their device for less than an hour a day; 26.5 percent used it for one to two hours a day; 12 percent use it for two to three hours; 6 percent used it for three to four hours; and 15 percent used it for four or more hours.
When comparing parent estimates of usage to the objective data, the study found that roughly one-third of parents overestimated the time their child spends on the device and roughly one-third of parents underestimated the time by about an hour. The study also found that parents were more likely to underestimate when their child was using the device for more than an hour a day.
“Participant recall accuracy of mobile device use may be low because exposure occurs in small bursts — less likely to be remembered than longer interactions — and parents may find it difficult to monitor content when children use handheld devices individually,” the authors wrote in the study, adding that similar device-monitoring programs, “may be an important future data collection tool for pediatric, adolescent, or adult research.”
While the most common apps these preschoolers were using included YouTube, YouTube Kids, internet browsers and searches and streaming video services, some, who shared devices with other family members, were also found to be using apps with gambling and violence.
According to the AAP, preschoolers should spend no more than one hour each day with digital media and the content should be educational, nonviolent and viewed with a parent or caregiver.
“Taken together these findings point to the need for pediatricians to be aware of their pediatric patients’ device use,” authors of a related commentary wrote, suggesting pediatricians may want to discuss screen usage and age-appropriate content with families as part of their clinical care. However, more information is needed on whether similar device-usage tracking programs would be practical for use in clinical practice.