Signs of Labor: the Bloody Show
Now that you’re well into your pregnancy, you’re probably spending a solid chunk of time researching the major signs that you’re about to go into labor. And, at some point, you’ve probably come across the term “bloody show.” It may sound like the latest Quentin Tarantino movie, but the bloody show is really just nature’s way of telling you labor’s about to begin. Here’s what you need to know.
The bloody show is pretty much what it sounds like: a bloody mucus that can be seen coming out of the vagina when you’re either about to go into labor or are having some pretty significant cervical changes, says Michael Cackovic, MD, a maternal-fetal specialist at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in Columbus.
Your cervix (the lower narrow portion of your uterus) begins to expand or dilate when you go into labor to allow baby to eventually fit through it. Because the cervix is a blood-rich organ, it can bleed easily, explains women’s health expert Sherry Ross, MD, an ob-gyn and author of She-ology: The Definitive Guide to Women’s Intimate Health. Period. That means that when you start to dilate, you may end up seeing a bloody show, which is essentially blood from your cervix mixed in with mucus. So, yup, there’s actual blood in the bloody show.
Bloody show vs. mucus plug
The bloody show actually isn’t all that different from the mucus plug, which is a plug made up of mucus that blocks the cervical canal and prevents bacteria and germs from entering the uterus when you’re pregnant. When you’re in early labor, the mucus plug is released from your cervix and makes its way out of your body. “It can be seen as a thick, sticky discharge on your underwear or toilet paper,” Ross says. The bloody show can be your mucus plug tinged with blood from your cervix.
The answer varies greatly, given that every woman is different. The bloody show can appear within minutes or up to days before labor starts, Ross says. Some women are actually already in labor when they spot it. But don’t worry if you never see the show—not every woman will notice its appearance. There isn’t always a set road map or time frame for when you pass your bloody show and labor begins, Ross says. “Labor may not start for days or weeks,” she explains, “so don’t get your hopes up too high!”
How long does the bloody show last?
Usually, you’ll experience your bloody show after a big cervical change as your cervix starts to dilate during labor, Cackovic says. You may notice it, wipe it away and move on with getting ready to welcome your new bundle of joy. But, Cackovic adds, it’s possible for your show to seep out slowly over time.
If you see the bloody show, call your doctor. She may want you to come into the office to have your cervix checked or to see if you’re going into labor, Ross says.
Given that the show involves blood coming out of your vagina—a very freaky concept when you’re pregnant—it’s understandable that you’d want a heads-up first. You won’t always get one, but there are a few possible signs of bloody show to look out for:
• Contractions. Obviously, contractions are often a sign that you’re in labor, but they can also be a signal that your cervix is dilating—and that can tip you off that you might see a bloody show soon, Ross says.
• Cramping. You don’t necessarily need to experience full-blown contractions when your cervix is dilating. Cramping is generally associated with the bloody show, although it’s possible to have cramps the day before you actually see the show, Cackovic says.
• Reddish mucus. The biggest sign of bloody show is of course actually seeing the bloody show. It can be bright red, dark brown and even look like streaky mucus, Cackovic says.
If you’ve had your bloody show, you’re probably starting to go through the paces of labor, and chances are you won’t be feeling like having sex. But if you do happen to find yourself in the mood, it’s likely safe to have sex after you’ve had your cervix checked by your doctor, Ross says. “If your cervix is dilated, you may not be allowed to [have sex],” she says. You’re more likely to break the bag of water surrounding baby or introduce unwanted bacteria near the amniotic sac, which can lead to an infection inside your uterus, she explains.
Ultimately, if you have questions about the bloody show or if you’re not sure if you just experienced it, talk to your physician. As Cackovic says, “Any kind of bleeding in pregnancy should prompt a call to your doctor.”
Updated December 2017
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