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Q&A: What Blood Tests Do I Need During Pregnancy?

I want to keep my pregnancy as simple, with as few tests as possible. What blood tests do I really need?
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profile picture of Ashley Roman, MD
Updated
February 28, 2017
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There are certain basic blood tests one needs prior to getting pregnant or early in pregnancy. All women should have a complete blood count to check for anemia, a type and screen to check your blood type and see if you have any antibodies that could affect the fetus’ blood count, a Rubella titer to see if you are immune to German measles (if you contract Rubella during pregnancy, the fetus can be severely affected), an HIV test, and a test for the Hepatitis B antigen.

Other blood tests are determined by your history. For example, if you have a personal or family history of thyroid disease, then thyroid function tests should be sent. Depending on your ethnic background, your doctor may screen you and/or your partner to see if you carry a gene for certain inherited diseases, such as Cystic Fibrosis and Tay Sachs.

Please note: The Bump and the materials and information it contains are not intended to, and do not constitute, medical or other health advice or diagnosis and should not be used as such. You should always consult with a qualified physician or health professional about your specific circumstances.

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